Kidney disease occurs when the nephrons inside your kidneys, which act as blood filters, are damaged. This leads to the build-up of waste and fluids inside the body.
According to Ayurveda Renal failure is a disease of Muthravaha srothas. Though all the three doshas as well as all the dushyas are involved in the disease, Kapha is responsible in blocking microvessels& developing microangiopathy. Vatha is responsible for degeneration of the structure of the kidney. According to Ayurvedic principles of management of disease, tissue damage can be prevented and repaired by Rasayana drugs because they have the capability to improve qualities of tissues & hence increase resistance of the tissues. On the other hand, blockage can be removed by Lekhana (Scraping) drugs having scraping effect on blocked channels.
Punarnavadi guggulu, gokshuradi guggulu, Chandraprabha guggulu, varanadi kashayam, rasayana choornam, silajathu, punarnavadi niruha vasthi etc are the main drugs used for the treatment of kidney diseases. Why because the medicines used for kidney disorder treatment should have both rasayana and lekhana property.
The medicines like Punarnavadi guggulu, Gokshuradi Guggulu, Chandraprabha vati, Rasayana choornam, shilajathu will have the properties like rasayana which have the capability to improve qualities of tissues & scrape out the blockages from the channels. Thus it relieves kapha & vatha dosha vitiation
Punarnavadi niruhavasthi is a minor alternative of dialysis. By this treatment Serum creatinine becomes normal, improves kidney function, blood urea becomes normal; Albuminurea and hemoglobin will become normal. Also by this treatment reduction in edema, weakness, leg cramps, increase in appetite & relief from nausea, breathlessness & pruritis occurs.
Diet to be followed to prevent kidney disease
Reduce sodium intake
Limit red meat: animal protein – may harm the kidneys. Red meat is also high in saturated fat.
Avoid soda: have phosphorus additives which can damage kidneys.
Give up processed foods: Potato chips, crackers, cheese spreads, instant potato mix, and deli meats. Processed foods are high in phosphorus additives and sodium – both of which can have a damaging effect on the kidneys.
Reduce sugar intake: Consuming too much sugar can result in diabetes or obesity – both linked to kidney disease.
Should take minimum one and half liters of water per day
Do mild exercises
Types of kidney disease
1. Acute kidney disease or acute kidney failure (AKF)
Renal ischemia: Reduced blood flow to kidneys due to blocked blood vessel.
Drug induced kidney disease: Certain drugs can cause inflammation of the kidney
External Injury: Direct injury to the kidneys can damage the nephrons, thereby reducing kidney function
Medical conditions: In some medical conditions or diseases like malaria can result in acute kidney failure
Obstruction of urine flow: Conditions like enlarged prostrate can obstruct the flow of urine, causing the wastes to accumulate in the kidneys, reducing their function.
2. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) Causes
Chronic diseases: CKD is mainly a secondary disease developed due to an underlying primary condition, and according to statistics, chronic diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease are the main causes of CKD.
Genetic factors: Certain genetic factors can cause kidney disease early in like. Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder in which several cysts arise in the kidneys. As the cysts grow, the kidney function reduces gradually and can also lead to kidney failure.
Immunological diseases: Some conditions such as lupus that affect the immune system can trigger loss of kidney function
Congenital factors: Structural and functional abnormalities can even develop in the fetus, causing kidney disease in the baby
Recurring infections: Recurring kidney infections (pyleonephrtits) and urinary tract infections can also lead to kidney disease.