Almonds are the traditional snack for Indians; including them in the diet may significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases in Indians with type 2 diabetes.
Almond consumption as part of a healthy diet may help improve glycemic and cardiovascular measures and lead to better health in type 2 diabetes patients, researchers said.
India is known as the diabetes capital of the world
‘India is known as the diabetes capital of the world, with the incidence of type 2 diabetes currently reaching epidemic proportions,’ researchers wrote in the study published in the journal Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.
Once deemed a disease of the affluent, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes now cuts across all social, demographic and age groups, they said.
They attribute this higher and earlier incidence of type 2 diabetes in part to the ‘South Asian phenotype,’ a genetic predisposition that makes Indians more susceptible to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Dr Anoop Misra, Director, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Diabetes Foundation India (DFI) and Dr Seema Gulati, Chief Project Officer (Nutrition) at DFI analysed if including almonds, already a familiar food in the Indian diet, may help improve glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes within an Indian population.
‘This is the first free-living study to demonstrate the health benefits of including almonds in the diet among Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes,’ said Gulati, lead researcher for the study.
‘Our findings add to the body of research showing the value of almonds, particularly among Indians who already believe in the goodness of almonds,’ Gulati said.
Previous studies have shown the benefits of almonds in improving the quality of the diet without increasing caloric intake, as well, researchers said.