- World Drug Day
The United Nations has recognized 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. This initiative is an important initiative to ensure sustainable improvement worldwide and to bring in measures to tackle drug abuse and trafficking.
The theme for 2019 is “Health for justice. Justice for health”
On 26 June 1987, two important texts (Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control & Declaration of the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking) were adopted at the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, which was held in Vienna during 17-26 June 1987. The Conference recommended that an annual day should be observed to mark the importance of the fight against drug abuse and illicit trafficking.
In India, the major drug laws are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985). Anyone who contravenes the NDPS Act will face punishment based on the quantity of the banned substance.
- where the contravention involves small quantity(<1 kg), with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months, or with fine which may extend to ₹10,000 or with both;
- where the contravention involves quantity lesser than commercial quantity but greater than small quantity, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years and with fine which may extend to ₹1 lakh;
- where the contravention involves commercial quantity, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 10 years but which may extend to 20 years and shall also be liable to fine which shall not be less than ₹1 lakh but which may extend to ₹2 lakh.
The NDPS Act also has a provision for the death penalty, for repeat offenses of a severe nature.
Drug trafficking is a major challenge across the world, particularly in developing countries. Poor people are likely to fall prey for such crimes, which directly avoids getting the required education and increase in crime. During this day, the UN stresses to bring global attention to the seriousness of this issue and provides a platform for support.