‘Rani-Ki-Vav’: A Temple with Water Storage System in Gujarat on the banks of River Saraswati


Rani ki Vav, which has found its place on the banks of the Saraswati River, was first built as a memorial to a king in the 11th century AD. Did you hear about the Stepwells? Well, Stepwells are nothing but the distinctive form of the subterranean water resource as well as storage systems on the Indian subcontinent which is constructed since the 3rd millennium BC. They evolved over the time of what was a pit in sandy soil towards the elaborate multi-storey works of art and architecture. How well it could be when there is a type of flamboyant art and architecture in the sandy soil! Just get into the swell and explore it. RaniKiVav was built at the height of craftsmens’ ability in stepwell construction and was built in the Maru-Gujara architectural style which discloses the mastery of the complex technique and great beauty of detail and proportions.

Everything You Need to know about Rani Ki Vav:

Have you ever heard of an inverted temple? Yes! this particular Stepwell is designed as an inverted temple which merely highlights the sanctity of water and is also divided into seven varied levels of stairs with sculptural panels of high artistic quality and more than 500 sculptures and also over a thousand minor ones combine religious, mythological and secular imagery which reference the literary works are all things inscribed over to wonder over here. The fourth level is the deepest which in turn leads into rectangular tank 9.5 m by 9.4 m with a depth of 23 m. So, the well is located at the westernmost end of the property and also consists of a shaft 10m in diameter and 30 m deep. There are as many as things to wonder down in the Stepwell and you should need to go down the steps to infuse with wonderful sculptures and structure of the Stepwell.

Rani-Ki-Vav is otherwise known as The Queen’s Stepwell which we came to know that is purely an example of the artistic and technological height of stepwell tradition. You will fascinate and amaze at and it has been further decorated with religious, mythological and at times secular sculptures and reliefs which therefore portrays the true mastery of craftsmanship and figurative expression.

Additionally, it offers both the functional and aesthetic sense to the visitors and it represents an architectural monument of the human creative genius. It stands as the memorable one to pride over the Indian ancient architecture and many architect students have been taken there for the architectural study tour. The architectural typology of this particular Stepwell is combined with a temple-like structure celebrating the sanctity of water as a revered natural element and the depiction of the highest-quality of Brahmanic deities. The authenticity of Rani-Ki-Vav is at the high level in material, substance, design, workmanship and also atmosphere, location and setting matters in this.

Well, this is protected by the national monument by the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites Act of 1958 amended by its revision of 2010 and also administrated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Just get down the stairs to admire the architecturally awe-inspiring Stepwell of Gujarat!

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